Strategically located in the Baltic Sea, Bornholm has been fought over for centuries.
It has usually been ruled by Denmark, but also by Lübeck and Sweden.
Otherwise the merger would have to be abandoned altogether.The six municipal entities had 122 councillors (of which county clls were 15) and the new regional municipality would have 27 councillors from the start.They will be reduced to 23 from 1 January 2018 (election November 2017).The merger was approved in a law by the Folketing 19 March 2002, transferring the tasks of the abolished county and old municipalities to the new Bornholm Regional Municipality.From 1 January 2007 all counties were abolished, and Bornholm became part of Region Hovedstaden whose main responsibility is the health service.
The municipality still retains its name Bornholm Regional Municipality.
The island had 22 municipalities until March 1970, of which 6 were market towns and 16 parishes.
In addition to supervising parish municipalities, which was the responsibility of the counties in all of Denmark, the market town municipalities of Bornholm were supervised by Bornholm County as well and not by the Interior Ministry as was the case in the rest of Denmark.
The total area according to and Regional Key Figures) was 588.36 square kilometres (227.17 sq mi) (January 2016). The island is called solskinsøen (The Sunshine Island) because of its weather and klippeøen (The Rock Island) because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast.
The heat from the summer is stored in the rock formations and the weather is quite warm until October.
The intonation resembles the Scanian dialect spoken in nearby Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden.