; Low German: Ollnborg; Saterland Frisian: Ooldenbuurich) is an independent city in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
During the French annexation (1811–1813) in the wake of the Napoleonic war against Britain, it was also known as Le Vieux-Bourg in French.
The town gained importance due to its location at a ford of the navigable Hunte river.
The British military government of the Oldenburg region resided in the city.
Several displaced persons camps were set up in the city that had suffered only 1.4% destruction during the bombing campaigns of World War II.
By that autumn, a campaign of Aryanization began, forcing the sale of formerly Jewish-owed properties at steep discounts.
In 1945, after World War II, the State of Oldenburg was part of the British zone of occupation.
In the 17th century, Oldenburg was a wealthy town in a time of war and turmoil and its population and power grew considerably.
In 1667, the town was struck by a disastrous plague epidemic and, shortly after, a fire destroyed Oldenburg.
After World War II, a group of survivors returned to the city and maintained a small community until it was dissolved during the 1970s.
Nevertheless, due to Jewish emigration from the former USSR to Germany in the 1990s, a community of about 340 people is now maintaining its own synagogue, cemetery and other facilities.
There are farms near and even a few within city limits.
Predominant agricultural activities of the region are the cultivation of livestock, especially dairy cows and other grazing animals, crops such as grains for food and animal feed, as well as asparagus, corn, and kale.
Dadurch werden implizite Paradoxien von Nachhaltigkeitspostulaten deutlich, die bislang durch die Fokussierung der Forschung auf jeweils nur eine oder zwei der analytischen Dimensionen verdeckt blieben.