A series of very destructive fires, some caused by naval attacks, ravaged Copenhagen throughout the 18th century.
In a combined effort to counter the rising power and influence of the Hanseatic League in the Baltic area, the Kalmar Union was ratified in 1397, unifying the Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden under one rule.
Due to a complicated succession of unfortunate deaths and possibly some intrigues, fifteen year old Eric of Pomerania became first official monarch of the Kalmar Union.
Nearly 40% of the country's population live here although it only accounts for 15% of the land area.
Greenland and the Faroe Islands are self-governing territories within the Kingdom of Denmark and are not covered in this article. These are just a few, that are very popular among visitors: The Danes are first mentioned in writings from the 6th century, and became widely known in the Viking age, when they together with their Norwegian and Swedish kin travelled far for trade, raids and settling (cf the Danelaw in Britain).
The capital, Copenhagen, is located at the most eastern side of Zealand.
Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European naval power, The Kingdom of Denmark is the oldest kingdom in the world, still in existence, but has evolved into a democratic, parliamentary, modern and prosperous nation.
The Danish kingdom was established during the Viking age.
Harald Bluetooth was christened and succeeded in christening his realm in the 960s.
This was not a devastating loss for Denmark, which kept Norway (including the North Atlantic Islands), the Scanian lands and the economically important Danish straits under one rule.
In the 1530s, Denmark had a Lutheran reformation and the king secured his monarchical power in relation to both the priesthood and the nobility. Copenhagen was ravaged by a series of very destructive fires in the course of the 18th century, some caused by naval attacks and bombardments.
The peninsula of Jutland and the main islands comprise the regions we use in this guide.