20,000 people showed up to protest against the closing.
On 9 November 1938, Kristallnacht, the Jewish citizens of Bochum were attacked.
The synagogue was set on fire and there was rioting against Jewish citizens.
With a population of nearly 365,000, it is the 16th most populous city in Germany.The city lies on the low rolling hills of Bochum land ridge (Bochumer Landrücken), part of the Ruhrhöhen (highest elevations) between the Ruhr and Emscher rivers at the border of the southern and northern Ruhr coal region.Women with young children, school children and the homeless fled or were evacuated to safer areas, leaving cities largely deserted to the arms industry, coal mines and steel plants and those unable to leave.Bochum was first bombed heavily in May and June 1943.In 1965, the Ruhr University was opened, the first modern university in the Ruhr area and the first to be founded in Germany since World War II.
Since the seventies, Bochum's industry has moved from heavy industry to the service sector. Other industries, such as automotive, compensated for the loss of jobs.
The Opel Astra is assembled at the Opel Bochum plant; however, by 2009, the factory was in serious financial difficulties In the course of a comprehensive community reform in 1975, Wattenscheid, a formerly independent city, was integrated into the city of Bochum. In 2007, the new synagogue of the Jewish community of Bochum, Herne und Hattingen was opened.
In 2008, Nokia closed down its production plant, causing the loss of thousands of jobs, both at the plant and at local suppliers.
The population of Bochum increased from about 4,500 in 1850 to 100,000 in 1904.
Bochum acquired city status, incorporating neighbouring towns and villages.
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